Telco technical

& business courses

available worldwide

LTE Optimisation Workshop

ran engineers
available worldwide
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Who Should Attend?

The course is addressed to network engineers involved in the optimisation process.


Course Scope

  1. EPS architecture.
    • EPC (MME, P-GW and S-GW).
    • E-UTRAN (eNB).
    • EPS interfaces.
  2. LTE protocol architecture.
    • Introduction (protocols, SAPs, OSI model).
    • LTE protocol layer.
    • Strata (NAS, AS).
    • User plane.
    • Control plane.
    • Radio interface structure and DL data flow.
    • 3GPP Technical Specifications for LTE.
  3. EPS bearer and QoS.
    • EPS bearer.
    • Quality of Service (QoS concept, QoS classes, QCI, mapping between QCI and QoS).
    • Default and dedicated EPS bearer setup.
  4. Drive test coverage analysis.
    • RSPR (RSRP definition, RSRP plot).
    • RSRQ (RSRQ definition, RSRQ plot).
    • CINR (CINR definition, CINR plot).
    • Coverage analysis.
  5. Accessibility.
    • Accessibility KPIs.
      • Initial E-RAB establishment success rate.
      • Added E-RAB establishment success rate.
      • Service accessibility.
    • Accessibility procedures.
      • RRC connection establishment.
      • S1 signalling connection establishment.
      • E-RAB establishment.
      • Idle mode behaviour.
      • Cell selection and reselection.
      • Paging.
      • TA update.
      • Random access.
    • Accessibility optimisation.
      • Log-file analysis.
      • System information.
      • RACH parameters.
      • RRC establishment failure.
      • Admission control parameters.
      • Traffic distribution.
  6. Retainability.
    • Retainability KPIs.
      • E-RAB retainability per QCI.
      • E-RAB retainability on UE level.
    • Release procedures.
      • E-RAB release.
      • UE context release.
      • Radio link failure.
    • Retainability optimisation.
      • T310.
      • T311.
      • RRC connection reestablishment.
      • Power control.
  7. Integrity.
    • Integrity KPIs.
      • E-UTRAN IP throughput for single QCI.
      • E-UTRAN IP latency.
    • Integrity procedures.
      • Scheduling.
      • Link adaptation.
      • Frequency selective scheduling.
      • Power control.
      • MIMO with RI.
    • Integrity optimisation.
      • Log-file transport protocols parameters analysis.
      • CQI analysis.
      • HARQ and BLER analysis.
      • ARQ.
      • P0 and Alpha.
      • MIMO transmission mode.
      • PDCCH dimensioning.
  8. Availability.
    • E-UTRAN cell availability KPI.
  9. Mobility.
    • E-UTRAN mobility KPI.
      • Handover preparation.
      • Handover execution.
    • Mobility procedures.
      • X2 handover.
      • S1 handover.
      • IRAT handover.
      • CSFB.
      • Event triggered reporting.
    • Mobility optimisation.
      • Handover log-file analysis.
      • A2 event parameters analysis.
      • A3 event parameters analysis.

Course Objectives

The LTE Optimisation Workshop training gives understanding of how the Evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN) performance is monitored by 3GPP specific Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and how to optimise the E-UTRAN performance by use of Long Term Evolution (LTE) parameters.


First, the Evolved Packet System (EPS) architecture is presented together with the EPS nodes functions. The LTE protocol architecture is explained, making the distinction between transport and signalling protocols, Access Stratum (AS) and Non-Access Stratum (NAS), User Plane (UP) and Control Plane (CP). The EPS UP and CP protocol stacks are presented with emphasis on the radio interface.


Next, the fundamental concept of the EPS bearer and Quality of Service (QoS) is explained. The default and dedicated EPS bearer setup process and its interworking with Home Subscriber Server (HSS) and Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF) nodes is shown.


The training also explains the concept, range and usage of RSPR, RSRQ and SINR for coverage verification, signal strength, and signal quality analysis.


The essential part of the training contains the definition of the KPIs for Accessibility, Retainability, Integrity, Availability, and Mobility together with the Performance Measurement (PM) counters used in the KPIs as defined by the 3GPP. The counters are illustrated in the flow graphs. For better understanding of the KPI formulas, they are calculated with use of an Excel spreadsheet for a sample cell.


The training focuses on explanation of the LTE procedures, functions, and parameters which are used to improve the KPI performance. Live network log-files are analysed for in-depth understanding of the parameters' structure and usage.



Successful completion of the LTE Air Interface and LTE Signalling is required.


Training Structure

Four-day training course, equivalent to a 24-hour lecture.



Instructor-led training, presentation, and group discussion, including analysis of signalling traces.

Regardless of technology I received theoretical and practical answers.

Mr. Kosta Pribić, T-Mobile Croatia

Very well organized training programmes.

Mr. Mihnea Teodorescu, Cosmote, RO

Really practical and very fruitful training.

Mr. Niroj Raya, NCell Nepal

The course covers all the impacted areas.

Ms. Gratia Scanteie, Vodafone, RO

I am very impressed with the trainer's knowledge and experience.

Mr. Mouin Al Saghir, Vivacell

Many different people from different operators can share their problems and ideas.

Mr. Omar El-Fiky, Vodafone Egypt

Trainer understands local market experience.

Mr. Andrew Sweetman, Wataniya

Training provides useful methods to analyze real protocols.

Mr. Seema Karn, NCell Nepal

Great teacher with deep knowledge and experience.

Mr. Philippe Wrzecionek, TATA

Trainer is open for comments and discussion.

Ms. Natalya Nerubenko, Life Ukraine

I can proudly recommend these courses for others as well.

Mr. Tarvo Jammer, Elisa Estonia

The training is completely excellent.

Mr. Philipp Korostelev, Beeline Moscow

Perfect course.

Mr. Arseniy Mazanik, Beeline Russia

The best training ever.

Mr. Timur Zagretdinov, MTT Russia

Unique training covering the most important areas of my work.

Mr. Eldar Mursaqulov, Azercell

Excellent knowledge from the trainer.

Ms. Catherine Barman, Swisscom

Excellent methodology of teaching. Simple and easy to understand training.

Mr. Arben Shabani, PTK Kosovo

More than excellent course!

Ms. Inessa Mijiferjyan, Vivacell

Excellent exercises!

Mr. Muhammad Ali, Mobilink Pakistan

Trainer understands local market experience.

Mr. Andrew Sweetman, Wataniya

Course covers all important issues and presents relevant examples.

Mr. Mohamed Kamel, Vodafone Egypt

Very effective training methods.

Ms. Erjona Xhemali, AMC Albania

Trainers have passion to teach & impart knowledge.

Mr. Kanchan Chitrakar, Ncell Nepal

Seminar entirely for Telecommunication operators. A lot of issues covered.

Ms. Pinelopi Tragoudara, Vodafone GR

Trainer was able to answer practical questions.

Mr. Daniel Krolikowski, Play Poland

Professional, high-quality trainer.

Mr. Gagik Shatveryan, Vivacell

Overwhelming knowledge and expertise. Interactive and enjoyable learning.

Mr. Ashish Shrestha, NCell Nepal

I received a lot of useful information which I use in my work every day.

Ms. Viktoriya Gusarova, Beeline RU

Experienced trainer. Real cases with references to recommendations.

Mr. David Curkan, T-Mobile Croatia

Good logical structure of the course and explanation.

Ms. Elena Shevtsova, Beeline, KZ

Very clear explanations.

Ms. Tatyana Krasyuk, Life Ukraine

Amazing, more than excellent, audience-oriented trainer.

Mr. Evgeniy Dmitriev, Astelit Ukraine

The training exceeded my expectations.

Ms. Irida Gjashta, AMC Albania

The whole course was very valuable.

Mr. Sayyid Ali, Dhiraagu Maldives

Excellent course and instructor.

Mr. Nikolay Suetin, Beeline Russia

Excellent, knowledgeable trainer, open to communication.

Mr. Dmitrii Kropotov, Tele2 Russia

A good approach to a complex problem.

Ms. Horia Catrinoiu, Vodafone RO

Good direct connection between course material and real problems.

Mr. Alex Konstantopoulos, Cosmote, GR

A clear picture of GSM switching and signalling.

Ms. Anette Chale, mCel Mozambique

The trainer is capable of answering all my questions.

Ms. Ana Gheorghe, Vodafone RO

Good class notes and great examples.

Mr. Ghaffar Masood, Mobilink Pakistan

A lot of useful materials and knowledge.

Mr. Shukhrat Khaydar, UCell

Trainer adapted to the expectations of the audience.

Mr. Antoine Blanchet, Monaco Telecom

Deep and detailed topic analysis.

Mr. Mohamed Sabry, Vodafone Egypt

Experienced trainer. Excellent descriptions.

Mr. Ahmad Doar, Mobily, KSA

Training was above expectations!

Mr. Ariel Haxhiu, Eagle Mobile, AL

The course exceeded my expectations. Hats off!

Mr. Adnan Syed, Mobily

This course will be very useful in my daily work.

Mr. Leopoldino Ferreira, Unitel Angola

Highly professional trainer with lots of practical experience. Friendly and open.

Ms. Olga Rudnicka, Tele2 Latvia

Everyone gets individual attention from the trainer.

Ms. Inga Tomsone, Tele2 Latvia

I feel like the trainer is the best professor and mentor one can have.